Find local Christmas tree farms here!

Whether you want to cut your own tree, pick a live tree and have it cut for you, buy a tree already cut or buy a living tree you can plant, this page provides detailed listings of York County, Pennsylvania's choose-and-cut Christmas tree farms, places to buy pre-cut (also called pre-harvested and fresh-cut) trees, stands, sleigh rides, hay rides and related winter events and fun. Some listings are for tree farms, others are tree lots, and some only offer hay rides, sleigh rides or other winter events. READ EACH LISTING to know what each facility offers. The farms are listed further down this page, so scroll down the page! Since this service is free and open to ALL Christmas tree farms, not just those who belong to an association or pay for an ad, like almost all other websites do, this is the most complete and current listing available! Help me keep this page complete and up to date, by reporting any corrections needed or suggesting farms to add!

My Christmas Tree guide has photos and descriptions of more than 2 dozen varieties of Christmas trees, along with a simple comparison chart!

And beware the copycat websites - from Mommy-bloggers to out-and-out plagiarists, they simply copy my work and rarely update; they are just out to make a quick buck. Since 2004, I've made updates and corrections every day!

If it has just snowed; see this page about how to make snocones from real snow! Your kids will love it!

Pandemic Tips:

  • Keep in mind that state government COVID dictates may force many farms to cancel Santa visits, hayrides, etc. this year. If the name of the farm is blue with an underline; that's a link to their website. Click on it for the most current hours and information. 
  • ALWAYS call the farm or store BEFORE YOU GO - many farms and lots are selling out of trees early this year or have COVID-19 requirements - Call to confirm their supply, their hours and whether they have trees, are allowing choose-and-cut or just precut trees; and which attractions or winter activities are available. All three can change during the short Christmas season, due to weather, demand and the farmer's business conditions! Farms get sold, shut down or run out of trees, and they don't all update me every day, let alone every year. For more tips to make your trip fun and successful, click here !
    DON'T DRIVE OUT THERE IF YOU CAN'T REACH THEM (by phone, email or find current information on their website or Facebook page!
  • And please tell the farmer you visit in York County, Pennsylvania that you found their farm here! I need the farmers to realize that you found them here so that they will keep their information up to date!
  • After Christmas, click here to find how how and where to easily recycle or dispose of your Christmas tree! And to recycle used, broken or old Christmas lights and electronics See this page for local options to easily recycle your Christmas holiday lights

And if you know of one I missed and want to add it or correct the information, please let me know! There are affiliate links on this page. Read our disclosure policy to learn more.

Updates for December 2020

December 2020: Most Christmas tree farms open on the Friday right after Thanksgiving (Black Friday, Nov 27, 2020) and are open up to Christmas Eve. Some are only open on weekends, or only have hayrides, Santa visits and events on weekends. A few open Saturday Nov 21st. I expect that MANY farms will sell out early this year - demand will be high since people have been locked down and not allowed to do much. At least reserve your tree early!

And next Spring, you'll want to take your children to a free Easter egg hunt - see our companion website to find a local Easter Egg hunt -  (www.EasterEggHuntsAndEasterEvents.org) . It's the ONLY website that is updated every Easter for all Easter Egg hunts in the U.S.

Christmas tree farms, lots and activities, sorted by county

Click on Resources above, if you need a county map

York County

  • 3 Gs Trees Cut Your Own Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Christmas trees- you choose and we cut, Santa visitsSanta visits -check their website for dates and hours, Christmas boughs, Christmas decorations, tree shaking provided, trees baled, saws provided, winter hay rides, bonfires, free hot chocolate, gift shop, picnic area, school tours
    1991 George Street, Dover, PA 17315. Phone: 717-308-1261. Email: digdanl@hotmail.com . Open: Cut Your Own Tree Farm hours: Starting Friday after Thanksgiving; Friday and Saturday 8 am to 5 pm; Sundays 12 pm to 5 pm; Off season availability hours negotiable; Call for details; Pick your own pumpkins starting October 2014; Call for details; Call for eggs. Directions: Check website for updates and specific times and dates of events. Payment: Cash, Debit cards, Visa/MasterCard, Discover. Click here for our Facebook page .
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, Colorado Blue Spruce, Eastern White Pine, Fraser Fir, Scotch Pine, White Fir (Concolor Fir).
    You Choose and We cut varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, Colorado Blue Spruce, White Fir (Concolor Fir), Eastern White Pine, Fraser Fir, Scotch Pine.
  • Boyer's Christmas Trees - Precut Christmas trees, Christmas wreaths, Christmas boughs, trees tied, trees baled, free tree trimmings,
    West Manchester Mall, York, PA 17404. Phone: 717-729-7965. Email: brandonboyer@comcast.net . Open: Black Friday through December 23rd; daily 10 am to 5 pm weather permitting. Directions: Click here for a map and directions. . Payment: Cash, only.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    PreCut varieties: Canaan Fir, White Fir (Concolor Fir), Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine, Fraser Fir, Scotch Pine, White Fir (Concolor Fir), White Pine.
  • Cabin Creek Farms - Choose and cut your own Christmas trees,
    635 Perry Road, Red Lion, PA 17356. Phone: 717-244-4496. Email: Cabincreekonline@comcast.net . Open: 8:30 am to 4:30 pm Monday to Friday Saturday 8:30 am to 3:30 pm During Christmas Tree Season 8:30 - Dusk 7 Days a Week. Directions: Call for directions. They also have living potted & balled/Burlapped trees for Landscape and borders, 75 Varieties of Trees & Shrubs Available. Payment: Cash and Checks. Click here for a link to our Facebook page .

    Comments from a visitor on December 11, 2010: "I just know that we live off Windsor Road and this tree farm is maybe 5 minutes away. It's close and convenient. It\'s just a great place to walk through and cut down a Christmas tree. They give you a saw and rope if you need it. There are 2 sides to meander through. Neat location, easy to get to. Really reasonable prices. I think they have hot cider and cookies FREE! I also think they have greens and maybe wreaths. It's worth checking out."
  • Charlie's Produce & Crabs - Precut Christmas trees, Christmas wreaths, Christmas boughs, garlands, Christmas decorations, trees baled, free hot coffee, free hot chocolate,
    4866 Route 30 West, Thomasville, PA 17364. Phone: 717-841-650. Alternate Phone: 717-841-6570. Email: Jmhacker@peoplepc.com . Open: the Friday after Thanksgiving to December 23, 7 days a week, please see visit us on Facebook for our current hours of operation. Directions: One half mile west of Route 116 on Route 30 at the KBS intersection in Thomasville, Pennsylvania. Click here for a map and directions. Payment: Cash, Visa/MasterCard, Discover, AmEx, SFMNP Vouchers. Charlie's Produce & Crabs is open seasonally from Mother's Day to Christmas featuring locally grown and harvested produce, seafood, flowers, pumpkins and trees as they becomes available throughout the seasons.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    PreCut varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, White Fir (Concolor Fir), Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir, White Pine.
  • Cornerstone Plantation Christmas Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Living Christmas trees (to plant later), trees baled, saws provided,
    4509 Young Road, Glen Rock, PA 17327. Phone: 717-235-1885. Email: info@cptrees.com . Open: Monday to Saturday, 9 am to 5 pm. Click here for current open hours, days and dates. Directions: just 10 minutes from I-83; 10 minutes from New Freedom and Shrewsbury, 5 minutes from the Maryland Border; 5 minutes from Route 851. Click here for a map and directions. Payment: Cash, Check. Click here for our Facebook page .
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, Colorado Blue Spruce, Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir, White Pine.
    Living, rooted tree varieties: Blue Spruce, Colorado Blue Spruce, Douglas Fir.
  • Elicker Tree Farm - Choose and cut your own Christmas trees, Precut trees
    21 Elicker Road, Dillsburg, PA 17019. Contact: Clint Elicker. Phone: (717) 766-5714. Email: wyattelicker@aol.com . Open: call for hours and dates.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.

    Comment from a visitor, December 15, 2007: "For $30.00 (1.00 tip), I will be back for years to come. Wonderful experience. But I will bring a gas chainsaw next year. "
  • Family Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Precut Christmas trees, Living Christmas trees (to plant later)Family Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Precut Christmas trees, Living Christmas trees (to plant later), Christmas wreaths, Christmas boughs, garlands, Santa appearances, Christmas decorations, trees tied, tree shaking provided, trees baled, saws provided, winter wagon rides,
    4688 Dairy Road, Red Lion, PA 17356. Phone: (717) 332-6365. Email: karen@familytreefarm.com . Open: Opening Day Friday after Thanksgiving from 9 am till 6:30 pm then Weekends thru December 23rd - 9 am till 6:30 pm Weekdays thru December 22nd from 12 pm till 6:30 pm. Directions: Three Miles South of Red Lion off of Route 24, turn Left on Dairy Road - follow signs. Six Miles North of Stewartstown on Route 24 turn Right on Dairy Road, follow signs. Click here for a map and directions. Payment: Cash, Debit cards, Visa/MasterCard, Discover, AmEx. Click here for our Facebook page . Choose and Cut Christmas Trees up to 11' high. There are tens of thousands of trees to choose from! Family Tree Farm in Red Lion, York County, Pennsylvania continues a seven-generation tradition (our farm is 209 years old) and have been harvesting Christmas trees since 1995. We raise thousands of Douglas Firs, Fraser Firs, and Blue Spruce. We are proud to serve families throughout the Central Pennsylvania and Northern Maryland region with the finest selection of fresh Christmas Trees up to 11'. We also provide cheerful Christmas decor for your home! Beautifully decorated wreaths, roping, swags, snowmen, ornaments, signs and more. We are within easy driving distance of York, Shrewsbury, Stewartstown, New Freedom, Red Lion, Dallastown, Lancaster, and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, as well as Baltimore, Harford, and Carroll Counties in Maryland.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    U-Choose and Cut varieties: Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.
    PreCut varieties: Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.
    Living, rooted tree varieties: Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.
    (UPDATED: August 25, 2017)
  • Flinchbaugh's Orchard and Farm Market - Uses integrated pest management practices, Precut Christmas trees, Living Christmas trees (to plant later), Christmas wreaths, Christmas boughs, garlands, Christmas decorations, trees bagged, trees tied, tree shaking provided, trees baled, free tree trimmings, Honey from hives on the farm, Fresh eggs, gift shop, snacks and refreshment stand, restrooms, picnic area, face painting, birthday parties, school tours, events at your location (call for info)
    110 Ducktown Road, York, PA 17406. Phone: 717-252-2540. Fax: 717-252-2541. Email: enjoy@flinchbaughsorchard.com . Open: April through December; Monday to Friday, from 8 am to 6 pm; Saturday, from 8 am to 4 pm; Sunday closed. Click here for current open hours, days and dates. Updates: Click here for updates. Directions: From York: Travel on Route 30 East to Hallam Exit. Right onto Frysville Road. Left onto Route 462 East. Travel 2.2 miles to Ducktown Road on right. Farm Market will be on right after one quarter of a mile. Click here for a map and directions. We use integrated pest management practices. Payment: Cash, Check, Visa/MasterCard, SFMNP Vouchers. Summer Fest is held every year the last weekend of July! A community event for families to enjoy. See their website for dates of Cookie Decorating & Santa Greet, with Model Toy Trains.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    PreCut varieties: Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.
    Living, rooted tree varieties: Blue Spruce, Douglas Fir, Scotch Pine, White Fir (Concolor Fir).
  • Good's Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Precut Christmas trees, Christmas wreaths, tree shaking provided, trees baled, saws provided,
    1575 Valley Road, Etters, PA 17319. Phone: (717) 938-1570. Email: rgood1585@frontiernet.net . Open: Saturday and Sunday, 9 am to 5 pm, the Friday after Thanksgiving to December 16. Directions: Located off Exit 36 of Interstate I-83, follow Route 262 East for 5 miles to our large red barn on the right. Click here for a map and directions. Payment: Cash, Check.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.
    PreCut varieties: Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.
  • Gruver's Nursery - Choose and cut Christmas trees,
    255 Stetler Road, New Cumberland, PA. Phone: 717-774-3299. Email: info@gruverstreefarm.com .
  • Haring Tree Farms - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Christmas trees- you choose and we cut, Precut Christmas trees, Living Christmas trees (to plant later), Christmas wreaths, garlands, Christmas decorations, trees bagged, tree shaking provided, trees baled, free tree trimmings, saws provided, restrooms
    1705 Valley Road, Etters, PA 17319. Phone: 717-938-6669. Email: haringoriginals@aol.com . Open: Monday thru Thursday (10 am to 7 pm), Friday (9 am to 7 pm), Saturday, & Sunday (9 am to 6 pm). Directions: (Valley Road location) Coming from the South on Route 83, use Exit 32, at light at end of ramp go straight thru onto Pines Road, 3 miles turn left on Route 262 West, Go 1 mile, farm on left. Coming from North on Route 83, use Exit 32, at light at end of ramp turn left, at next light turn left onto Pines Road, 3 miles turn left onto Route 262 West, go 1 mile, farm on left. Click here for a map and directions. Payment: Cash, Debit cards, Visa/MasterCard, Discover. Click here for our Facebook page . 2 lighted pole barns and 2 locations. Valley Rd. (1705 Valley Rd., Etters, PA 717-938-6669) and Cly (330 River Dr., York Haven, 17370, PA 717-266-6590). Haring Tree Farms is a family owned and operated business since 1979. Haring Tree Farms offers Choose N' Cut, Pre-cut trees, and wreaths. We offer a wide variety of Christmas trees including Fraser Fir, Douglas Fir, Concolor Fir, Blue Spruce, and Canaan Fir.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir, White Fir (Concolor Fir).
    You Choose and We cut varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir, White Fir (Concolor Fir).
    PreCut varieties: White Fir (Concolor Fir), Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.
    Living, rooted tree varieties: Blue Spruce, Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.
  • McCurdy's Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Christmas trees- you choose and we cut, Precut Christmas trees, Living Christmas trees (to plant later), Christmas wreaths, Christmas boughs, garlands, mistletoe, Santa visitsSanta visits -check their website for dates and hours, Christmas decorations, trees bagged, trees tied, tree shaking provided, trees baled, free tree trimmings, saws provided, winter hay rides, winter wagon rides, winter train rides, Christmas event or festival, bonfires, gift shop, concessions / refreshment stand, porta-potties, picnic area, farm animals, birthday parties, school tours
    127 Chestnut Grove Road, Dillsburg, PA 17019. Phone: 717-432-4017. Fax: 717-432-2467. Email: info@mccurdystreefarm.com . Open: Please check out our complete list of hours Hours are usually posted in October for the Tree Farm. Directions: Located directly off Route 15 in Dillsburg, PA. Exit onto Carroll Drive from Route 15. At the stop sign turn left. McCurdys Tree Farm will be on the right side of the road. Look for the sign. Click here for a map and directions. Payment: Cash, Check, Debit cards, Visa/MasterCard, Discover. See our Christmas offerings . ***Note that some of our hours, especially for our Campground Road location, have changed.Bring out the kids or grandkids and enjoy a hayride and lots of family activities while you search for your perfect tree. We have a great selection of trees available this year, please feel free to contact us with any specific questions.We also have a large number of events happening at our Chestnut Grove location throughout the season. Check out the events page for the current schedule. New events are being added all the time, so keep checking back for the latest information.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, Colorado Blue Spruce, Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine, Fraser Fir, Norway Spruce, Scotch Pine, White Fir (Concolor Fir), White Pine, White Spruce.
    You Choose and We cut varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, White Fir (Concolor Fir), Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine, Fraser Fir, Norway Spruce, Scotch Pine, White Fir (Concolor Fir), White Pine, White Spruce.
    PreCut varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, Colorado Blue Spruce, White Fir (Concolor Fir), Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine, Fraser Fir, Noble Fir, Norway Spruce, Scotch Pine, White Fir (Concolor Fir), White Pine, White Spruce.
    Living, rooted tree varieties: Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, White Fir (Concolor Fir), Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine, Norway Spruce, White Fir (Concolor Fir), White Pine, White Spruce.
  • McPherson's Christmas Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut,
    5941 Mt. Pisgah Road, Hallam, PA 17406. Phone: (717) 324-0512. Open: 2016 Tree Cutting on Friday, November 25: 12 pm - 5 pm, Saturday, November 26: 8 am - 4 pm, Sunday, November 27: 8 am - 4 pm, Friday, December 2: 12 pm - 5 pm, Saturday, December 3: 8 am - 4 pm, Sunday, December 4: 8 am - 4 pm, Friday, December 9: 12 pm - 5 pm, Saturday, December 10: 8 am - 4 pm, Sunday, December 11: 8 am - 4 pm, Friday, December 16: 12 pm - 5 pm, Saturday, December 17: 8 am - 4 pm. Family owned and operated since 1953, our fields and trees are taken care of by hand - truly a labor of love. Tree tagging begins in September and customers are welcome to walk the fields and tag their tree(s) any day or time of the week. Sales/harvesting begin on Black Friday.

    Comments from a visitor on November 09, 2011: "THIS IS A GREAT TREE FARM, LOCATED ACROSS FROM SAM LEWIS STATE PARK IN WRIGHTSVILLE. YOU CAN TAG YOUR TREE ANYTIME, AND THEY CUT IT DOWN FOR YOU WHEN YOU ARE READY, AND DRILL IT FOR FREE. THEY ALSO SELL THE "STAND STRAIGHT" STANDS. WHICH MAKE ANY TREE BALANCED AND STRAIGHT. FREE GREENS ARE AVAILABLE TOO. "
  • Millers Meadowood Christmas Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Christmas trees- you choose and we cut, Precut Christmas trees, Christmas wreaths, Christmas boughs, trees bagged, trees tied, trees baled, saws provided, bonfires,
    1127 Hain Road, New Freedom, PA 17349. Phone: 717-968-6212. Email: meadowoodfarm.gm@gmail.com . Open: We open the day after Thanksgiving to sell trees; Hours are Monday to Thursday, from 12 pm to 5 pm; Friday to Sunday, from 8 am to 5 pm. Directions: Take the Glen Rock Exit 8 off of Interstate 83. Head west on Route 216 to the stop sign. Turn left onto the Susquehanna Trail, and head south for approximately 2 miles. Turn left onto Hain Road. Travel 1 mile and turn at the sign into the driveway on the right side of Hain Road. Click here for a map and directions. If you would like to tag a tree prior to Thanksgiving, you are welcome to do so; Just call or stop by; We'll be happy to help you!. Payment: Cash, Check. Click here for a link to our Facebook page.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Balsam Fir, Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, Douglas Fir, Norway Spruce, White Fir (Concolor Fir).
    You Choose and We cut varieties: Balsam Fir, Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir, White Fir (Concolor Fir), Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir, Norway Spruce.
    PreCut varieties: Fraser Fir.
    (UPDATED: November 23, 2018, JBS)
  • Springfield Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Precut Christmas trees, Living Christmas trees (to plant later), Christmas wreaths, Christmas boughs, garlands, Santa visitsSanta visits -check their website for dates and hours, Christmas decorations, trees bagged, trees tied, tree shaking provided, trees baled, saws provided, winter wagon rides, Christmas event or festival, gift shop, concessions / refreshment stand, porta-potties, events at your location (call for info)
    7022 Susquehanna Trail South, York, PA 17403. Phone: 717-428-2244. Alternate Phone: 717-428-1220. Email: donnab4@comcast.net . Open: Seasonal beginning Black Friday, from 10 am to 5 pm; Monday to Friday, from 12 pm to 5 pm; Saturday to Sunday, from 10 am to 5 pm. Directions: Conveniently located off I-83, EXIT 10 RIGHT onto NORTH Avenue RIGHT onto SUSQUEHANNA TRAIL Approximately (1)mile to sign on LEFT (Between JACOBUS and LOGANVILLE). Click here for a map and directions. Pre-tag "Choose and Cut" trees each Saturday in November from 10 am to 2 pm. Payment: Cash, Visa/MasterCard, Discover. Click here for our Facebook page . Participant in "Christmastime in Loganville" held annually on Saturday before Thanksgiving from 9 am to 4 pm.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Blue Spruce, Douglas Fir , Fraser Fir, White Fir (Concolor Fir).
    PreCut varieties: Blue Spruce, White Fir (Concolor Fir), Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir.
    Living, rooted tree varieties: Blue Spruce, Douglas Fir.
    (ADDED: August 01, 2016)
  • Strathmeyer Christmas Trees - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Precut Christmas trees, Living Christmas trees (to plant later), Christmas wreaths, Christmas boughs, garlands, Christmas decorations, trees bagged, trees tied, tree shaking provided, trees baled, free tree trimmings, saws provided, winter wagon rides, gift shop, porta-potties
    334 Carlisle Avenue York Expo Center, York, PA 17404. Phone: 800-345-3406. Alternate Phone: 717-292-5683. Fax: 717-292-4129. Email: sales@strathmeyer.com . Open: the day after Thanksgiving Monday to Saturday 9 am to 9 pm Sunday 9 am to 5 pm Closed Christmas Eve. Directions: Located across from the Toyota Arena at the York Expo Center. Click here for a map and directions. Payment: Cash, Check, Debit cards, Visa/MasterCard, Discover. Our main lot located at the York Expo Center other lots located in Lancaster,Harrisburg, and York. We support Lions Clubs, Church groups, Future Farmers Associations through the sales of the Christmas trees. Also have a cut your own farm located in Red Lion. Strathmeyer Christmas Trees Facebook page.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Canaan Fir, Colorado Blue Spruce, Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir, White Fir (Concolor Fir).
    PreCut varieties: Canaan Fir, Colorado Blue Spruce, White Fir (Concolor Fir), Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine, Fraser Fir, Scotch Pine.
    Living, rooted tree varieties: Canaan Fir, Colorado Blue Spruce, Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine, Fraser Fir, Norway Spruce.
  • Warner Christmas Tree Farm - Christmas trees-you choose and you cut, Christmas wreaths,
    433 Rocky Ridge Road, Spring Grove, PA 17362. Phone: 717-259-9906. Email: pncwarner@comcast.net . Open: Monday to Thursday 3 pm to 5 pm; Friday and Saturday 9 am to 5 pm; Sunday 1 pm to 5 pm Open Day after Thanksgiving to December 21. Directions: From Abbottstown, Route 30 east 1.5 miles, right on Meadow Lane, 1 mile left on Maple Grove Road, .2 miles right on Rocky Ridge Road .6 miles to Farm. For a map to our farm, click here. Payment: Cash, only.
    Christmas tree varieties:
    You-Choose and You-Cut varieties: Douglas Fir.
    (ADDED: July 01, 2016)